We all use it, cotton fabric. In fact, most quilts are made of cotton fabric. Years ago fabric was manufactured in the United States from cotton grown in the US. Today, although the US grows cotton, nearly all fabric is manufactured outside of the US.
After the cotton is harvested and woven into the fabric called greig (pronounced gray) goods (unprocessed woven fabric), there are many steps that it must go through before it is ready to be dyed and shipped to your local quilt shop. This video, filmed in a fabric plant in Hong Kong and Zhejiang, China takes you through the many steps needed to prepare the fabric, then dye, set the dyes with chemicals and heat, and finally wash and prepare the fabric for shipping. I think you will find it interesting to see all that goes into making the beautiful and colorful quilting fabrics that we enjoy using in our quilts.
As you watch the video, remember that this was filmed in China. China does not have the same standards of safety and cleanliness in their factories that are required by OSHAH here in the US. For example, wet floors, the haze in the air from the chemicals and dryers, and even allowing long hair on workers would all be violations, each occurence of each violation with a $5,000 fine here in the US. Our OSHAH inspectors would have a heyday writing up violations in a factory like this one. However, because the labor is cheap and there are few, if any, work safety standards to worry about, we benefit by being able to purchase a huge variety of fabrics at a relatively low cost. If fabric were manufactured in the US with our much higher labor costs and cost of compliance to regulations, we would be paying much, much more.
So, please take the video at face value and appreciate all of the work that goes into creating our wonderful quilting fabrics.